Guidelines for capitalization

April 23, 2014 in Capitalization by juliew8

Basic Rules for Capitalization

The function of capitalization is to give distinction and emphasis to words. Capitalizing the first word of a new sentence sets it apart and makes it clear that a new sentence has begun. Proper nouns are capitalized to signify their importance as official names of people, places or things.

See also: Quotation Marks, Periods, Colons and Semicolons, Capitalization of acronyms, Clinical trial terms and acronyms

In most cases of capitalization, only the first letter of a word is capitalized. Proper nouns are always capitalized, regardless of where they fall in a sentence or the punctuation that precedes them.

The dog rolled over.
The dog, Rover, rolled over.
The patient will be placed on the following treatment protocol: Tamoxifen and carboplatin.

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